Parenting styles and their impact on children

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By Mary Dubois

Parenthood and parental education are essential aspects to take into account in order to lead a fulfilling family life. Indeed, depending on how a parent raises their children, there is more or less chance that they will succeed in life. It is essential to understand the different styles of parenting in order to know the consequences they can have on a person during his life.

What is parenting style?

THE parenting style is the model of education and relationship that parents adopt with their children. This style is based on the moral principles, values and beliefs specific to each family. Parenting style determines the level of authority parents have over their children and their interpersonal relationships. Different styles can be adopted according to social, religious and cultural contexts, as well as according to the specific needs and characteristics of children.

What are the main parenting styles?

There are several styles of parenting that can be classified into three broad categories:

  1. authoritarian parenting,
  2. authoritarian-negative parenting
  3. positive parenting.

Each of these styles has its pros and cons. Let’s discover together these different parenting styles:

  • authoritarian parenting : This style is based on the idea that children should obey the orders and rules of adults without ever asking questions. Parents rely on discipline and punishment to maintain obedience and order in their children, which can lead to anxiety and lack of confidence in children as adults.
  • Authoritarian-negative parenting : it incorporates elements of the other styles such as authority and discipline, but also certain negative characteristics such as excessive criticism, humiliation and verbal abuse. This form of parenting can cause anxiety disorders and feelings of anger in children.
  • positive parenting : it focuses on constructive communication and positive reinforcement. Parents place more emphasis on accountability and encouragement than on discipline and punishment. This allows children to grow up with good self-esteem and a positive self-image.
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What is the best parenting style?

While there is no "perfect" or "best" parenting style, you can however note that positive parenting is often preferable as it provides greater long-term benefits to children. A positive parenting allows children to grow up being more independent, more confident and happier. It also encourages the growth and social and emotional development of children. Additionally, positive parenting provides a solid foundation for children to learn to manage their emotions and deal with life's challenges.

How do you practice positive parenting?

There are several ways to implement positive parenting. First of all, parents should strive to create an atmosphere of mutual respect. They should also communicate clearly with their children and listen to them carefully. In addition, parents should show their children how to deal with difficult situations. Finally, it is essential that parents recognize and congratulate the efforts and achievements of their children.

In summary, each parenting style has its pros and cons. However, positive parenting is generally preferable, as it provides greater long-term benefits for children. When establishing positive parenting, parents strive to establish an atmosphere of mutual respect, to communicate clearly with their children and to listen to them attentively in order to teach them to face difficult situations and to recognize their efforts and their achievements.

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